Selected Recent Faculty Publications
Burdens of Proof: Cryptographic Culture and Evidence Law in the Age of Electronic Documents by Jean-François Blanchette. An expert on authenticity of electronic information, social and political dimensions of information security, and privacy and data retention, Blanchette examines the use of electronic documents in litigation and the challenge of defining a new evidentiary framework for electronic documents and the convoluted paths through which electronic documents acquire moral authority. See full story here.
Big Data, Little Data, No Data by Christine Borgman. Borgman, an often-cited authority on scholarly communication, argues that data have no value or meaning in isolation; they exist within a knowledge infrastructure—an ecology of people, practices, technologies, institutions, material objects, and relationships. After laying out the premises of her investigation—six “provocations” meant to inspire discussion about the uses of data in scholarship—Borgman offers case studies of data practices in the sciences, the social sciences, and the humanities, and then considers the implications of her findings for scholarly practice and research policy. To manage and exploit data over the long term, Borgman argues, requires massive investment in knowledge infrastructures; at stake is the future of scholarship. See full story here.
Archiving the Unspeakable: Silence, Memory, and the Photographic Record in Cambodia by Michelle Caswell. Published by the University of Wisconsin Press (2014). While visiting Phnom Penh in 2005, Michelle Caswell discovered the haunting images displayed at Tuol Sleng Genocide Museum, the site of atrocities committed by the Khmer Rouge upon the Cambodian people in the late 1970s. The results of her curiosity about the mug shot-style portraits of prisoners – the vast majority of whom did not survive their time at Tuol Sleng – were Caswell’s doctoral dissertation and most recently, her new book. See full story here.
Graphesis: Visual Forms of Knowledge Production by Johanna Drucker. Published by Harvard University Press (2014). The book provides a descriptive critical language for the analysis of graphical knowledge. In an interdisciplinary study fusing digital humanities with media studies and graphic design history, Drucker outlines the principles by which visual formats organize meaningful content. Among the most significant of these formats is the graphical user interface (GUI)—the dominant feature of the screens of nearly all consumer electronic devices. Because so much of our personal and professional lives is mediated through visual interfaces, it is important to start thinking critically about how they shape knowledge, our behavior, and even our identity.
Conceptualizing 21st-Century Archives by Anne Gilliland. Published by Society of American Archivists (2014). In her new book, the UCLA professor of information studies looks back at practices of archives – often as instruments of economic or political control. In doing so, she delineates the knowledge that today’s information professionals can glean from archival traditions spanning thousands of years, and the use of that knowledge to advance technology and sociocultural change in the field. See full story here.
Whose Global Village? Rethinking How Technology Shapes Our World by Ramesh Srinivasan. Published by NYU Press (2017). This book asks us to re-consider ‘whose global village’ we are shaping with the digital technology revolution today. Sharing stories of collaboration with Native Americans in California and New Mexico, revolutionaries in Egypt, communities in rural India, and others across the world, Ramesh Srinivasan urges us to re-imagine what the Internet, mobile phones, or social media platforms may look like when considered from the perspective of diverse cultures. Such collaborations can pave the way for a people-first approach toward designing and working with new technology worldwide. Whose Global Village seeks to inspire professionals, activists, and scholars alike to think about technology in a way that embraces the realities of communities too often relegated to the margins. We can then start to visualize a world where technologies serve diverse communities rather than just the Western consumer. See featured story on Ampersand.
Selected Student Publications
Acker, A. and J. Brubaker. (Spring 2014). “Death, Memorialization and Social Media: A Platform Perspective for Personal Archives.” Archivaria 77: 1- 23.
Acker, A. (2014). “The Short Message Service: Standards, Infrastructure and Innovation.” Telematics and Informatics 31: pp. 559-568. doi: 10.1016/j.tele.2014.01.004.
Acker, A. (2014) “The Global System for Mobile Communication: The Hidden Influence of Standards in Text Messages and Wireless Communications,” Standards Engineering: The Journal of the Standards Engineering Society.
Acker, A. (2013). “How Cells Became Records: Standardization and Infrastructure in Tissue Culture.” Archival Science. doi: 10.1007/s10502-013-9213-x .
Crooks, Roderic. “The Rainbow Flag and the Green Carnation: Grindr in the Gay Village. First Monday 18 (2013). doi:10.5210/fm.v18i11
Darch, P. T., Borgman, C. L., Traweek, S., Cummings, R. L., Wallis, J. C., & Sands, A. E. (2015). What lies beneath?: Knowledge infrastructures in the subseafloor biosphere and beyond. International Journal on Digital Libraries, 1–17. http://doi.org/10.1007/s00799-015-0137-3
Garcia, Patricia. “Documenting and Classifying Labor: the Effect of Legal Discourse on the Treatment of H-2A Workers,” Archival Science (2014): doi 10.1007/s10502-014-9230-4.
Garcia, Patricia. “Beyond the Textbook: Primary Sources and Inquiry-Based Learning in K-12 Classrooms.” Presented at Archival Education and Research Institute, July 2014.
Kelty, Chrisopher, Panofsky, Aaron, Erickson, Seth, Currie, Morgan, Crooks, Roderic, Wood, Stacy, Garcia, Patricia, and Wartenbe, Michael. (2014). “Seven Dimensions of Contemporary Participation Disentangled.” Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology. doi: 10.1002/asi.23202
Sands, A. E., Borgman, C. L., Traweek, S., & Wynholds, L. A. (2014). We’re Working On It: Transferring the Sloan Digital Sky Survey from Laboratory to Library. International Journal of Digital Curation, 9(2), 98–110. http://doi.org/10.2218/ijdc.v9i2.336
Wallis, J. C., Mayernik, M. S., Borgman, C. L., & Pepe, A. (2010). Digital libraries for scientific data discovery and reuse: from vision to practical reality. In Proceedings of the 10th Annual Joint Conference on Digital Libraries (pp. 333–340). Gold Coast, Queensland, Australia: ACM. http://doi.org/10.1145/1816123.1816173
Wallis, J. C., Rolando, E., & Borgman, C. L. (2013). If We Share Data, Will Anyone Use Them? Data Sharing and Reuse in the Long Tail of Science and Technology. PLoS ONE, 8(7), e67332. http://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0067332
Wood, Stacy, Marika Cifor, Anne J. Gilliland, Kathy Carbone, and Ricardo Punzalan. “Mobilizing Records: Re-Framing Archival Description to Support Human Rights.” Archival Science (2014).
Wynholds, L. A. (2011). Linking to Scientific Data: Identity Problems of Unruly and Poorly Bounded Digital Objects. International Journal of Digital Curation, 6(1), 214–225. http://doi.org/10.2218/ijdc.v6i1.183
Wynholds, L. A., Fearon, D. S., Borgman, C. L., & Traweek, S. (2011). When Use Cases Are Not Useful: Data Practices, Astronomy, and Digital Libraries. In Proceedings of the 11th Annual Joint Conference on Digital Libraries (pp. 383–386). Ottawa, Canada: ACM. http://doi.org/10.1145/1998076.1998146
Wynholds, L. A., Wallis, J. C., Borgman, C. L., Sands, A. E., & Traweek, S. (2012). Data, Data Use, and Scientific Inquiry: Two Case Studies of Data Practices. In Proceedings of the 12th ACM/IEEE-CS Joint Conference on Digital Libraries (pp. 19–22). New York, NY, USA: Association for Computing Machinery. http://doi.org/10.1145/2232817.2232822
Recent Presentations by IS Students
Cifor, Marika. “Love in the Archives: Examining Affective Labors in LGBTQ Archives.” Presented at National Women’s Studies Association Conference, San Juan, November 2014.
Cifor, Marika. “Aligning Bodies: Hatred as an Organizing Principle in LGBTQ Archives.” Presented at Gender and Sexuality in Information Studies Colloquium, University of Toronto, Toronto, October 2014.
Cifor, Marika (co-author). “Identifying Research Contributions of Archival Studies and Recordkeeping to Societal Grand Challenges: A Report from the AERI Grand Challenges Working Group.” Presented at SAA Research Forum, Society of American Archivists Annual Meeting, Washington, DC, August 2014.
Cifor, Marika. “Visceral Forces: Introducing Affect Studies to Archival Discourse.” Presented at Archival Education and Research Institute, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, July 2014.
Cifor, Marika (co-author). “Human Rights and Social Justice.” Presented at Grand Challenges Plenary Session, Archival Education and Research Institute, University of Pittsburgh, Pittsburgh, July 2014.
Cifor, Marika. “That Other Hunger: Queering Lesbian Pulp Novels, Archives, and the Archival Record.” Presented at Queer Practices, Places and Lives Symposium, The Ohio State University, Columbus, May 2014.
Cifor, Marika. “Oral History from the Inside: Documenting Activists from the June Mazer Lesbian Archives.” Presented at Southwest Regional Oral History Association Conference, Tempe, April 2014.
Cifor, Marika. “Queer Things: Lesbian Pulp Novels and the Archives.” Presented at Why Things Matter Conference, California State University Fullerton, Fullerton, March 2014.
Crooks, Roderic. “Grindr, Geosical Cruising, and Gay Bars.” Presented at Annual Meeting of the Society for Social Studies of Science (4S), October 2013.
Currie, M., Paris, B., Pasquetto, I. V., Pierre, J., Sands, A. E., & Lievrouw, L. A. (2015, March). Police Officer-Involved Homicide Database Project. Presented at the iConference 2015, Newport Beach, CA.
Darch, P. T., & Cummings, R. L. (2013, December). Buried Deep: How Data About Subseafloor Life Becomes Dark and Why. Presented at the American Geophysical Union 46th Annual Fall Meeting, San Francisco, CA.
Darch, P. T., & Sands, A. E. (2015, March). Beyond Big or Little Science: Understanding Data Lifecycles in Astronomy and the Deep Subseafloor Biosphere. Presented at the iConference 2015, Newport Beach, CA.
Pasquetto, I. V. (2015, March). Open Data in Natural Science. Case Studies from Astronomy, Earth and Ocean Science. Poster presented at the Herrenhausen Conference: Big Data in a Transdisciplinary Perspective, Hannover, Germany.
Sands, A. E. (2014a, March). Scientific Research Data: Volume, Infrastructure, and Management Expertise. Session 5 Materiality of the Internet presented at the Why Things Matter Conference, California State University, Fullerton.
Sands, A. E. (2014b, March). Who will manage scientific research data?. Poster presented at the Research Data Access and Preservation Summit 2014, San Diego, CA.
Sands, A. E. (2015, January). Managing Astronomy Research Data: Case Studies of Big and Small Research Projects. Presented at the The 225th American Astronomical Society Meeting, Seattle, WA.
Sands, A. E., Borgman, C. L., Wynholds, L. A., & Traweek, S. (2012a, September). Surf’s Up: Riding the Big Data Wave. Poster presented at the Internet, Politics, Policy 2012: Big Data, Big Challenges?, Oxford Internet Institute (OII, University of Oxford).
Sands, A. E., Borgman, C. L., Wynholds, L. A., & Traweek, S. (2012b, October). Follow the Data: How astronomers use and reuse data. Poster presented at the ASIS&T 75th Annual Meeting, Baltimore, MD.
Sands, A. E., Borgman, C. L., Wynholds, L. A., & Traweek, S. (2014, February). “We’re Working on It:” Transferring the Sloan Digital Sky Survey from Laboratory to Library. Presented at the 9th International Digital Curation Conference, San Francisco, CA.
Sands, A. E., Traweek, S., & Borgman, C. L. (2013, October). Co-Producing Knowledge: Scientific Research Data Practices and Workforce. Presented at the Society for Social Studies of Science (4S) annual meeting, San Diego, CA.
Wallis, J. C., & Borgman, C. L. (2011). Who is Responsible for Data? An Exploratory Study of Data Authorship, Ownership, and Responsibility. In Annual Meeting of the American Society for Information Science & Technology (Vol. 48, pp. 1–10). New Orleans, LA: Information Today.
Wallis, J. C., Borgman, C. L., & Mayernik, M. S. (2010). Who is responsible for data? A case study exploring data authorship, ownership, and responsibility and their implications for data curation. Presented at the 6th International Digital Curation Conference, Chicago, IL.
Wynholds, L. A. (2012a, June). Archiving Scientific Data on the Web. Workshop presented at the Exploring the WAC; Challenges in Providing Access to the World Web Archives, Stanford University, Palo Alto, CA.
Wynholds, L. A. (2012b, October). Temporalities of Mobility: When to assemble a sensor network and when to assemble a network of data. (In the session: Promises and perils of sensor networks). Presented at the Annual Meeting of the Society for the Social Studies of Science, Copenhagen, Denmark.
Wynholds, L. A., Fearon Jr., D. S., Borgman, C. L., & Traweek, S. (2011). Awash in Stardust: Data Practices in Astronomy (Poster). In Proceedings of the 2011 iConference (pp. 802–804). New York, NY, USA: ACM.